The African dwarf is a small mammal with a pointed muzzle, short legs, and its back and sides are covered with spines 0.5-1.5 cm long. The African hedgehog weighs between 250 g and 600 g and is on average about 21 cm long from head to tail. They usually have dark ears and muzzles, and the body is speckled with gray, brown and white on the back and sides, while the underside is white. African hedgehogs can show albinism, with the lack of pigmentation leading to completely white coloration and pink eyes. Albinism in the wild is rare, but often a trait that is selectively bred in captive populations. Hedgehogs are illegally kept throughout Australia to protect the environment, native wildlife and the general public. Other endemic diseases transmitted by hedgehogs, including salmonella, Q fever and toxoplasmosis, can be transmitted to humans. The African dwarf is bred in countries such as North America and the United Kingdom and sold as a pet. However, the species is banned throughout Australia for a number of reasons, including its potential to introduce foreign animal diseases, and because the species has the potential to become a serious invasive pest in Australia. Hedgehog spines were used for cardboard paper and dissecting pens long after the Romans actively bred and bred hedgehogs. The African hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris), also known as the African dwarf hedgehog, is native to Africa, with a range extending across Central, West and East Africa.
The African dwarf gives birth to a litter of two to ten cubs, with an average of five per litter. The young are born in a nest and are blind and naked at birth. The female reaches sexual maturity at the age of about one year and gives birth to an average litter of one litter per year. An African wild hedgehog usually lives 2-3 years, while a captive hedgehog can live up to 10 years. In nature, a hedgehog is opportunistic and eats a lot of things, but most of the food is made up of insects. As insectivores, hedgehogs need a high-protein, low-fat diet. You also need chitin, which comes from the exoskeleton of insects; Dietary fiber can be a substitute for the chitinous component. There are ready-made foods specifically for hedgehogs and insectivores, including food made from insect components. Food powders are also available to sprinkle other foods that provide chitin and other nutrients.
The African dwarf is banned in Australia because of its potential to introduce foreign animal diseases and its ability to become an invasive pest. A 23-year-old Raymond Terrace man has been fined $770 for keeping an African dwarf hedgehog without a license. Hedgehogs also have the potential to seriously damage the Australian economy, as they can harbour foreign animal diseases such as foot-and-mouth disease. Other endemic diseases transmitted by hedgehogs include salmonella, Q fever and toxoplasmosis, all of which can be transmitted to humans. Hedgehogs are susceptible to many diseases, including cancer, which spreads rapidly in hedgehogs, and wobbly hedgehog syndrome (WHS), a neurological syndrome. Some symptoms of WHS are similar to those of multiple sclerosis (MS) in humans, so the condition of the animal can be compared to what MS patients experience. A possible cause of WHS is a genetic defect that allows a virus to attack the hedgehog`s nervous system. [Citation needed] The nose can show various symptoms of a hedgehog plagued, especially respiratory diseases such as pneumonia. In many cases, the form of pneumonia that affects hedgehogs is bacterial in nature. If they act quickly, antibiotics can have a very positive effect. Some of the signs you should pay attention to include blisters, excessive drops, or constant sneezing.[Citation needed] The African hedgehog belongs to the Erinaceidae family, which also includes the European hedgehog (Erinaceus eruopaeus), which has established wild populations in New Zealand and some Scottish islands. Once established in a new environment, hedgehogs negatively affect native species due to their voracious and omnivorous appetite, affecting insects, snails, lizards and ground nesting birds, especially shorebirds, as hedgehogs plunder their nests and eat eggs and chicks. So, can you own a hedgehog in Australia? It is illegal to own a hedgehog as a pet or import it into Australia. Hedgehogs are classified as “exotic,” along with other animals that are not naturally present in the wild. As a result, laws have been enacted to prevent pests and diseases from entering the environment. Even the cute and “relatively harmless” hamster may not be legally owned. After dealing with hedgehogs, some claimed that pink dots on their hands are an allergic reaction.  This is more likely to be caused by small bites of the hedgehog`s spines. If a hedgehog is not clean, bites can become infected. The infection comes from contamination on the hedgehog or on the surface of the hands, not an allergic reaction to the hedgehog. As with most animals, you need to wash your hands after handling a hedgehog.
Hedgehogs can easily become obese; If they can no longer roll completely towards a ball, this is a clear sign of obesity. Conversely, hedgehogs often stop eating in stressful situations, such as when they get used to a new home. Illegal importation of wild animals often leads to animal cruelty issues, as smugglers strive to avoid the discovery of animals during the import process. As a result, smuggled animals can suffer from stress, dehydration and hunger, and many contraband animals die during or as a result of the smuggling process. Pet hedgehogs can eat table foods such as boiled chicken, lean, turkey, beef or pork. You will often eat small amounts of vegetables and fruits. Hedgehogs are lactose intolerant and have stomach problems after eating most dairy products, although sometimes simple low-fat yogurts or cottage cheese seem to be well tolerated.  Since the beginning of domestication, several new hedgehog colors have been created or have become commonplace, including albino and pinto hedgehogs.
Pinto is more of a color pattern than a color: a complete absence of color on the prickles and skin underneath in various places. Domesticated species prefer a warm climate (above 22°C, 72°F) and do not hibernate naturally. Attempts to hibernate due to the drop in body temperature can be fatal, but are easily reversed if detected within a few days. While admitting he knew the animal was an illegal import, the man said he did not believe it was a threat. It is illegal to own a hedgehog as a pet in some jurisdictions in North America, and a license is required to raise it legally. These restrictions may have been imposed due to the ability of some species of hedgehogs to transmit foot-and-mouth disease, a highly contagious disease of curved animals. In most European countries, there are no such restrictions (although Italy is an exception). [Citation needed] In reality, hedgehogs are actually part of a fairly long list of restricted animals. Pet fish cannot be imported into Australia. Side view of the albino African hedgehog. The African hedgehog has four toes on each foot.
Hedgehog domestication became popular in the early 1980s, although some U.S. states prohibit it or require a license to own one.  The most common domesticated hedgehog species is the four-toed hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris). The Algerian hedgehog (Atelerix algirus) is a species of hedgehog in its own right. And adding new animals to an ecosystem can completely upset the balance. This can mean radically changing the food supply – to the point where some animals may be endangered. The Romans domesticated in the 4th century BC. a relative of the Algerian hedgehog to use it for meat and prickles, as well as for pets.  The Romans also used hedgehogs to clean their tissues, which made them important for trade and prompted the Roman Senate to regulate the hedgehog trade. Quills have been used for training other animals, for example to prevent a calf from suckling after weaning.  For more information on animal biosecurity, see www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/biosecurity/animal With one exception, you can keep a rabbit in New South Wales (NSW), but not in Queensland. “As a pest, they harm native species such as insects, snails, lizards and ground-breeding birds, especially shorebirds.” However, if you want to own a pet in Australia, you should first inquire with the authorities.