Social justice issues cut across many areas. The Pachamama Alliance, an organization that defends indigenous and natural rights, says social justice issues can stem from prejudice in areas such as race, gender, age, sexual orientation, religion, nationality, education, and mental or physical ability. Social workers must address these issues while promoting social development and change. Miller, D. (1999). Principles of social justice. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Climate justice and environmental justice movements also integrate social justice principles, ideas, and practices. Climate justice and environmental justice as movements within the broader ecological and ecological movement each involve social justice in some way.
Climate justice includes social justice concerns with respect to greenhouse gas emissions, climate-related environmental displacement, and climate change mitigation and adaptation. Environmental justice includes concern for social justice that refers to either environmental benefits or pollution, based on their equitable distribution among communities of color, communities from different socio-economic and economic strata, or other barriers to justice. As mentioned earlier, social justice movements have been guided and inspired by intellectual understandings of the nature of justice. An early and important example of such influence is the work of 19th-century Jesuit scholar Luigi Taparelli, who coined the term social justice in the 1840s. Inspired by Thomas Aquinas, Taparelli advocates a conservative vision of justice that legitimizes aristocratic power by basing it on supposedly natural inequalities between individuals. Later in the 19th century, justice became a central theme of Roman Catholic social teaching, which emerged in response to the devastating social consequences of the Industrial Revolution. The Church has generally accepted economic inequality and social stratification as the product of natural inequalities of capabilities between individuals, but has emphasized the ideally harmonious interaction of socio-economic classes and the moral obligation of civil society and the state to protect the weak and promote the common good. The Church`s approach to social justice thus represented a path halfway between laissez-faire capitalism, which would reject any state intervention in the economy in favor of impoverished and exploited industrial workers, and socialism, which would impose state ownership or control over the economy in order to meet the basic needs of workers and ensure their material equality. Taparelli`s assertion that the state is obliged to intervene on behalf of needy people only in situations where small social entities, including the family, are unable to solve the relevant social problems was rejected by Pope Leo XIII. (former pupil of Taparelli) in his encyclical Rerum Novarum (Latin: “On New Things”) of 1891; English title On Capital and Labor) and affirmed in the encyclical Quadragesimo anno (Latin: “In the fortieth year”; English title reconstruction of the social order). Social justice advocates may seek to achieve their goals through a wide range of peaceful or non-peaceful means, including various government programs, social campaigns, public activism, violent revolution, or even terrorism. At the government level, social justice initiatives can be pursued through various types of programmes.
This may include the direct redistribution of wealth and income; protected legal status in terms of employment, public subsidies and other areas for disadvantaged groups; or legalized discrimination against privileged groups up to expropriation, collective punishment and purges. While the concepts of social justice can be found in classical and Christian philosophical sources from Plato and Aristotle to Augustine by Hippo and Thomas Aquinas, the term “social justice” finds its first uses in the late 18th century – albeit with unclear theoretical or practical meanings.    Thus, the use of the term was the subject of the accusation of dismissal from the beginning – aren`t all demands for justice “social”? – and rhetorical flourishes, perhaps, but not necessarily, in the context of broadening a vision of distributive justice.  In inventing and defining the term in Luigi Taparelli`s social science treatise on natural law, SJ, in the early 1840s, Taparelli established the principle of natural law, which corresponded to the evangelical principle of brotherly love – that is, social justice reflects duty to the other, in the interdependent abstract unity of the human person in society.  After the revolutions of 1848, the term was popularized by the writings of Antonio Rosmini-Serbati.   Definition of social justice: Social justice is a type of justice based on the idea that all people should have the same rights, opportunities and treatment. Access to resources is an important principle of social justice and refers to the extent to which different socio-economic groups have equal access to give everyone an equal start in life. Many societies offer their citizens a variety of resources and services such as health care, food, housing, education, and recreation.
However, access to these services is often uneven. Despite its broad appeal, Rawls` liberal egalitarianism was quickly challenged by proponents of conservative libertarianism, who argued that the society envisioned by Rawls was unfair because it would allow (yes, require) the state to redistribute social and economic goods without the consent of their owners, violating the private property rights of the owners. Some libertarians, following the American philosopher Robert Nozick, have argued that a validly derived social contract would justify only a “minimal state,” with powers limited to those necessary to protect citizens from violence, theft, and fraud. Other critics have argued that Rawls` theory did not sufficiently take into account a community`s shared understanding of how appropriate it is to live (see Communitarianism). With these core values in mind, we can define it this way: social justice means equal rights and opportunities for all. Another key area of human rights and social justice is the United Nations` advocacy for children`s rights around the world. The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted in 1989 and accepted for signature, ratification and accession by the General Assembly in its resolution 44/25.  According to the OHCHR, this convention entered into force on September 2, 1990.
The Convention affirms that all States have an obligation to “protect the child from all forms of physical or mental violence, injury or abuse, neglect or negligent treatment, maltreatment or exploitation, including sexual abuse”.  In 1931, in the encyclical Quadragesimo anno, Pope Pius XI referred for the first time explicitly to the expression and concept of subsidiarity in Catholic social teaching. Also in Divini Redemptoris, the Church emphasized that the achievement of social justice is based on the promotion of the dignity of the human person.  In the same year, and because of the documented influence of Divini Redemptoris among its authors, the Constitution of Ireland was the first to establish the term as a principle of economy in the state, and then other countries around the world did the same throughout the 20th century, even in socialist regimes such as the Cuban Constitution of 1976.  According to the NASW Code of Ethics, “the primary mission of the social work profession is to: improve human well-being and contribute to meeting the basic human needs of all human beings, with particular attention to the needs and empowerment of vulnerable, oppressed and living in poverty. NASW lists social justice as one of the core values of the social work profession, including: In the world of philanthropy, we often hear the term social justice. Many people believe that “equality” is one of the principles of social justice, but it is actually “equality.” What`s the difference? The judiciary takes into account the effects of discrimination and strives for equal results. There is a graph that shows it well: Three people trying to see over a fence.